The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights were proposed by UN Special Representative on business & human rights John Ruggie, and endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council in June 2011. In the same resolution, the UN Human Rights Council established the UN Working Group on business & human rights.
Protect, respect, remedy. Each of these simple terms hides a complicated reality. In 2011, the UN Human Rights Council unanimously endorsed the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, a set of guidelines that operationalize the UN Framework and further define the key duties and responsibilities of States and business enterprises with regard to business-related human rights abuses. Following the endorsement, the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, consisting of five independent experts, was appointed to guide the dissemination and implementation of the UN Guiding Principles.